The detection, identification, classification, and study of various body fluids such as blood and semen found at a crime scene.
The Serology Unit of the Biology Department identifies body fluids and trace evidence on exhibits submitted for forensic analysis. Examinations are done for blood, urine, semen, saliva, hair followed by chemical, microscopic, physical and serological analyses where required. Once the biological stains are identified, the evidence is sampled and sent to DNA for comparative analysis.
Functions of the unit include:
Serological and trace evidence identification, extraction and analysis of physiological fluids and tissues
Processing of vaginal, anal, buccal and oral swabs
Bloodstain pattern analysis
Evidence preservation for DNA profile development and comparison
Processing of crime scenes
Providing forensic certificates and expert witness testimony for the court